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Standard Weights & Measures

Liquid Measure
4 gills= 1 pint
2 pints= 1 quart
4 quarts= 1 gallon
31 gallons= 1 barrel
2 barrels= 1 hogshead

Long Measure
5 yards= 1 rod
40 rods= 1 furlong
8 furlongs= statute mile
3 miles= 1 league

Square Measure
43,560 ft2= 1 acre
30 yd2= 1 rod2
640 acres= 1 mile2

Avoirdupois Weight
27.3 grains= 1 dram
16 drams= 1 ounce
16 ounces= 1 pound
25 pounds= 1 quarter
4 quarters= 1 hundred-
    weight (cwt.)
2,000 pounds= 1 short ton
2,240 pounds= 1 long ton

Volume Equivalents
2,150 cubic inches= 1 bushel
7,056 cubic inches= 1 barrel
231 cubic inches= 1 gallon
128 cubic feet= 1 cord
1.24 cubic feet= 1 bushel
4.08 cubic feet= 1 barrel

Equivalent Conversions
1 ft.3 of water= 7.48 gallons
1 ft.3 of
water weight
= 62.38 lb.
1 in.3 of water= .00433 gallons
1 in.3 of
water weight
= .0361 lb.
1 gallon of water= 231 in.3
1 gallon of
water weight
= 8.34 lb.

Can't find it here? Try this conversion engine from Science Made SimpleScience Made Simple


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